What is Gastritis?
Gastritis is a condition that is used to refer to inflammation of the stomach lining which is symptomatic of several conditions pertaining to the gastrointestinal tract. It is estimated that about half the population worldwide suffers from gastritis at some point in their life.
There are several conditions that lead to gastritis, ranging from excessive drinking that causes an imbalance in the stomach to a bacterial infection. It is also suspected that the regular and excessive use of painkillers can lead to this condition.
Gastritis is divided into two categories depending on the period for which these symptoms last. If the symptoms last for a short period it is known as acute gastritis. If the symptoms last for a long period it is known as chronic gastritis.
While the symptoms of gastritis differ from person to person, there are some common symptoms that are indicative of the disease. Lower abdominal pain is experienced by most people suffering from this condition.
Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, a burning ache in the stomach, and bloating.
Gastritis is oftentimes an indication of other diseases such as Crohn’s disease. Gastritis is also most commonly caused by Helicobacter Pylori infection. Other causes include autoimmune conditions.
Some of the other notable causes include excessive smoking, drinking, and the excessive use of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
diagnosis of Gastritis usually involves the physical examination and collecting information on family history. Blood, stool, or breath analysis can also help narrow down the diagnosis.
Another way to diagnose Gastritis is endoscopy which involves inserting a long tube with a camera fitted on its end through the digestive tract.
There are several methods of treatment for those suffering from Gastritis. Antacids and antibiotics are prescribed in cases where there is a Helicobacter Pylori infection.
Other preventive measures include avoiding spicy food and lactose from dairy products.